About The Name Syarif Hidayatullah
SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH WAS ONE OF the Nine Wali [Islamic Saints] in Java. He was born on the Arabian Peninsula in 1448 and died in Cirebon in 1568. He was the son of Nyai Rara Santang (the daughter of Prabu Siliwangi from the Pajajaran Kingdom! and Syarif Abdullah (a high ranking officer in the Egyptian army). He had many nicknames, including Muhammad Nuruddin, Syaikh Nurullah, Sayyid Kamil, Maulana Syekh Makhdum Rahmatullah and Makhdum Jati. After his death he was given the name Sunan Gunung Jati.
During his adulthood, Syarif Hidayatullah returned to Pajajaran and became the ruler of Cirebon, a district in West Java. During that period, he played an important role in the propagation of Islam (da'wa) in Java, especially in the western part of the island. Syarif Hidayatullah also performed a significant role in the establishment of Islamic power in Sunda Kelapa, which was called Jayakarta and later changed to Batavia by the Dutch. Syarif Hidayatullah conducted da'wa directly to the local leaders and noblemen. He propagated Islamic teachings in a kind and wise way, as he talked to the people heart to heart and showed tolerance towards their beliefs and traditions. When these methods did not achieve the intended results, he began to apply stronger methods, including debates, particularly when he met people who were hostile to Islam. Using this method of da'wa, he succeeded in gaining sympathy from the society, He also often helped people who were poor and suffering.
Syarif Hidayatullah tried not to contradict the beliefs and traditions of the local people. Rather, he showed the beauty and modesty of Islam, and also proved that Islam brings advantages and equality to all the people. In order to set a good example of tolerance and equality, he married the sister of the Mayor of the Banten regency, Princess Kaunganten (14751. a Chinese princess, Ong Tien (1481), an Arab princess, Sharifah Bagdad, and Nyi Tepasari from Majapahit.
During his lifetime he saw his son, Maulana Hasanuddin, became a religious propagator and the ruler of Banten. In 1527, with the support of Falatehan (Fatahillah). he succeeded in occupying Sunda Kelapa and expelled the Portuguese soldiers, led by Fransisco de Sa, from the island.
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH JAKARTA State Islamic University [UIN] Jakarta was the result of a long and exhausting struggle by Indonesian Muslims, which began when the institute was still a State Academy of Religious Sciences [ADIA]. The story of the development of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University [UIN] Jakarta is offered below.
STATE ACADEMY OF RELIGIOUS SCIENCES OR ADIA
THE STATE ACADEMY OF Religious Sciences [ADIA] was founded on June 1, 1957. This institution aimed to provide state employees with an academic and semi-academic education so that they could become professional religious educators at public high schools and at vocational and religious schools. Study was completed over a period of five years: three years at the semi-academic level and two extra years at the academic level. ADIA had three departments: Teaching Islamic Sciences, Teaching Arabic and Special Education for Imams in the Army.
The main subjects taught at ADIA were Indonesian, Arabic, English, French, Hebrew, Teaching Sciences, World Civilizations, History and Islamic Civilizations, Quranic Exegesis, Prophetic Traditions, Science in the Prophetic Traditions, Islamic Jurisprudence, the Philosophy of Islamic Law, the History of Islamic Legislation, Theology, Logic, Comparative Religion, Sufism, Ethics, the Philosophy of Science, and the Science of Public Education.
In line with its function as a state academy, the students were state employees from the Ministry of Religious Affairs, who were given scholarships to study. They came from various parts of Indonesia and were accepted upon passing the selection test.
STATE INSTITUTE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES (IAIN)
ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN INDONESIA progressed when the academic fields were developed further, and the number of students from Indonesia and some neighboring countries such as Malaysia began to increase.
In order to improve Islamic higher education, the State Islamic College/Institute [PTAIN] in Yogyakarta and ADIA in Jakarta become one institute. This integration laid the groundwork for the establishment of an institute called the State Institute of Islamic Studies [IAIN], based on Presidential Decree Number 11, 1960, dated August 24, 1960. The Institute's headquarters were in Yogyakarta. The Institute included the Faculty of Tarbiya and the Faculty of Adab.
Indonesian Muslims highly praised the inauguration of this IAIN. Private Islamic higher educational institutions in a number of provinces proposed that they become state-owned institutions or that new faculties, suitable to the respective provinces, be opened. This was supported by the Decree of the People's Consultative Assembly Number 1/RIS/19B3 Appendix A ad 5 concerning the development of the IAIN. Early in 1963, nine IAIN faculties were established in four major cities:
1. Faculty of Tarbiya in Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Malang and Banda Aceh
2. Faculty of Adab in Jakarta and Yogyakarta
3. Faculty of Usul al-Din in Yogyakarta and Jakarta
4. Faculty of Shari'a in Yogyakarta, Banda Aceh, Banjarmasin, Palembang, Surabaya, Serang and Ujung Pandang (now Makassar)
To strengthen the status and organizational structure of the IAIN, Governmental Regulation Number 33, 1985 was enacted, and in order to regulate the implementation of the Institute, Presidential Decree Number 9, 1987, was ratified.
SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE INSTITUTE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES (IAIN) JAKARTA
DUE TO THE RAPID DEVELOPMENT of the Institute and the establishment of faculties at the provincial level, the IAIN in Yogyakarta was divided into two lAINs, based on the Decree of the Minister of Religious Affairs Number 49, 1963, dated February 25, 1963. The first was Sunan Kalijaga State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Yogjakarta and the second was Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Jakarta.
Both IAINs supervised faculties in other provinces. Sunan Kalijaga State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Yogjakarta directed Faculties in General Java, East Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara, Maluku and Irian Jaya. Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Jakarta controlled Faculties in West Java and Sumatra.
The first Rector of Syarif Hidaystullah State Institute of Islamic Studies [IAIN] Jakarta was Prof. Drs. H. Sunardjo. At that time, Syarif Hidayatuliah State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Jakarta included four faculties: Faculty of Tarbiya, Faculty of Adab, Faculty of Usul al-Din in Jakarta and Faculty of Shari'a in Serang, Banten. IAIN Jakarta managed the Faculties of Tarbiya and of Shari'a in Banda Aceh and Palembang.
Under Prof. Dr. Harun Nasution (1973-1984], Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Jakarta was widely known as the "Campus of the Reformers", dueemphasis on rationality. To this end, he made a number of changes, including introducing philosophy into the curriculum, and the establishing the Graduate Program in 1982, which was the first such program at similar institutions in Indonesia.
Up until 1998, Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute of Islamic Studies CIAINJ Jakarta had five faculties:
Faculty of Tarbiya
Faculty of Adab
Faculty of Usul al-Din
Faculty of Shari'a
Faculty of Da'wa
SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE INSTITUTE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES [IAIN] JAKARTA WITH A WIDER MANDATE
IN AN EFFORT TO INTEGRATE general and religious sciences, Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Jakarta initiated the concept of IAIN with a Wider Mandate, which later led to the establishment of the State Islamic University. These efforts intensified under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Azyumardi Azra, M.A, with the opening of the Departments of Psychology, the Department of Teaching Mathematics under the Faculty of Tarbiya, the Department of Economics, and the Department of Shari'a Banking under the Faculty of Shari'a in the academic year of 1998/1999. In 200D, the Agribusiness and Information Technology study programs were operated in cooperation with the Bogor Institute of Agriculture [IPB], and the Management and Accounting study programs were run in cooperation with the Agency for the Study and Application of Technology [BPPT]. In 2001, the Faculty of Psychology and the Faculty of Dirasat Islamiya were officially opened. The latter was established in cooperation with AI-Azhar University, Egypt. Cooperation was established with the Islamic Development Bank [IDB] in order to build a modern campus. Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute of Islamic Studies [IAIN] Jakarta also established links with other institutions and universities such as: McGill University [CIDA], Leiden University [INIS], King Saud University (Riyadh], University of Indonesia, Muhammadiyah University (Jakarta). Ohio University, LBPP [Language and Professional Education Institute], BNI Bank and Bank Mu'amalat Indonesia.
On November 21, 2001, the Ministry of National Education [MONE] and Ministry of Religious Affairs [MORA] issued a Joint Decree, recommending that IAIN become a State Islamic University (UIN). In letter Number 08S796/MPN/2001 dated November 22.
2001, the Director General of Higher Education ac the Ministry of National Education [MONE] approved the operation of twelve study programs in natural and social sciences. The twelve study programs were: Information Technology, Information Systems, Accounting, Management, Agribusiness, Psychology, English Language and Literature, Library Sciences, Mathematics. Chemistry, Physics and Biology. These measures were also recommended by the State Minister for the Utilization of Government Apparatus and the Director General for Budgeting at the Ministry of Finance, in letter Number 02/M-PAN/I/2002 dated January 9, 2002, and letter Number S-49O/MK-2/2002 dated February 14, 2002 respectively. These recommendations contributed to the issuance of Presidential Decree Number 31 of 2002, dated May 20, 2002 concerning the transformation of IAIN Jakarta into UIN Jakarta.
Throughout the course of its history, IAIN Jakarta has been under the leadership of the following prominent figures: Prof. R.H.A. Soenarjo, S.H. (Rector), Prof. Dr. H. Mahmud Yunus (Dean of Tarbiya Faculty), Prof. H. Bustami A. Gani (Dean of Adab Faculty, 1960-1963), Prof. Drs. H. Soenardjo (Rector, 1963-1969), Prof. H. M. Toha Yahya Omar. MA. (Rector, 1970-1973), Prof. Dr. Harun Nasution (Rector, 1973-1984), Drs. H. Ahmad Syadali (Rector, 1984-1992), Prof. Dr. M. Quraish Shihab, MA. (Rector. 1992-1998), Prof. Dr. H. Anmad Sukardja, SH., MA. (Acting Rector, April-September, 1998), and Prof. Dr. Azyumardi Azra, MA. (Rector, 1998-2006).
May 20, 2002
The conversion of IAIN to UIN was made official with the issuance of Presidential Decree Number 31 of 2002, dated May 20. 2002. The Vice President, Hamzah Haz, conducted the inauguration on June 8, 2002, which coincided with the forty-fifth anniversary of IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta and the start of construction of the faculty buildings, financed by the Islamic Development Bank (IDB).
The current Board of Management of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta is as follows: Prof. Dr. Komaruddin Hidayat. (Rector), Dr. Jamhari. (Vice Rector for Academic Affairs), Prof. Dr. Amsal Bachtiar MA. (Vice Rector for General Administration), Prof. Dr. Thib Raya. MA. (Vice Rector for Students' Affairs) andDr. Sudarnoto Abdul Hakim, MA. (Vice Rector for Institutional Development).